The History and Evolution of Dental Braces

Ancient Egypt –

Though dental braces may seem like a technologically advanced modern equipment, the truth is that they date back to ancient times. They came to the world even before the invention of electricity or transportation. Egyptians were very advanced in the field of dentistry. They had an ongoing problem with attrition. Since they consumed uncooked food, they acquire the disease. They were the first people in the world to create toothpaste. Archaeologists discovered Egyptian mummies with crude metal bands wrapped around their teeth. The groups are believed to create pressure around their teeth. Sometimes, it was also noticed that a lost tooth was replaced by a gold tooth.

Before Christ Gold Wires

 From 400 to 500 BC, Aristotle, as well as Hippocrates, was searching for ways so that they could make people’s teeth straighter. The Italians used to bury their dead with an instrument that helped them to maintain spaces between their teeth and jaws. Some Roman tombs had dead bodies who had gold wires around their teeth.

The 17th century Braces

Although several experiments were done, to discover the perfect way to get a straight smile, but until the 1700s, the practice of orthodontics truly began to take effect. A French dentist named Pierre Fauchard published a book in 1728 stating methods to straighten one’s teeth. Another French dentist Louis Bourdet published a book in 1754 which explained teeth alignment in detail. He was the first dentist who extracted bicuspids and the premolars between canines and molars.

The 18th-century Dental Braces

A century later, during the 1800s, another French dentist named Christophe-Francois Delabarre created the first equipment which was designed to straighten one’s teeth. The instrument was a horseshoe-shaped wearable crib. In 1843, Edward Maynard used elastics for gums for this first time, and the usage of rubber bands for teeth began in 1850.

The 19th Century Dental Braces

When the 1900s came, the dentist fully started using metal bands individually wrapped around in each teeth and wires which provided the needed tension to straighten a person’s teeth. In the early 20th century, orthodontists were using silver, gold, gum rubber, platinum and vulcanite for hooks, loops, spurs, and ligatures. Edward Angle was the first dentist who classified malocclusions and founded the American Society of Orthodontists in 1930. During the 1960s usage of gold was banned universally and stainless steel took its place. In 1980, the first invisible braces came into existence. These were usually made of single-crystal sapphire. Ceramics Braces became popular during the 80s.

The 90s

In the 90s braces were more prominent and visible than they are now today. Headgears were also very popular during that era. People were more uncomfortable, and those the years of wearing braces were unbearable for some. It was painful to wear those braces too at times. Also, you had to go to the dentist every other week to check out your teeth.

In Present or Current  Era – Invisible Braces

But now we rarely see people wearing orthodontic braces that are visible to the naked eye. These braces though are invisible, serves the purpose of straightening your teeth quite efficiently. The stage of dental development happened due to constant experimentation by our predecessors. Now due to their hard work, every teen, child, and adult can have a straight smile very quickly. Another factor why modern braces can easily fix one’s teeth is that the braces are made by stainless steel which made them smaller, more effective and attractive. The world of dentistry has evolved a lot in the past few decades. With evolving technology and in-depth study of an orthodontist, braces are becoming more and more compact and small with the passing years. The evolution of dental braces is an ongoing process, and it is not over yet. The pair would be more comfortable and more discrete in the upcoming years.

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